Wikimedia As we celebrate his birthday, it is easy to forget that Rev. Martin Luther King was a democratic socialist. Inaccepting the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, he observed that the United States could learn much from Scandinavian "democratic socialism.
Early life[ edit ] Rustin was born in West Chester, Pennsylvaniato Florence Rustin and Archie Hopkins, but raised by his maternal grandparents, Julia Davis and Janifer Rustin, as the ninth of their twelve children; growing up he believed his biological mother was his older sister.
With these influences in his early life, in his youth Rustin campaigned against racially discriminatory Jim Crow laws. As a student at Wilberforce, Rustin was active in a number of campus organizations, including the Omega Psi Phi Fraternity. He was expelled from Wilberforce in after organizing a strike,  and later attended Cheyney State Teachers College now Cheyney University of Pennsylvania.
Cheyney honored Rustin with a posthumous "Doctor of Humane Letters" degree at its commencement. There he became involved in efforts to defend and free the Scottsboro Boysnine young black men in Alabama who were accused of raping two white women.
He joined the Young Communist League for a small period of time inbefore becoming disillusioned with the party. Rustin was an accomplished tenor vocalist, an asset which earned him admission to both Wilberforce University and Cheyney State Teachers College with music scholarships.
Blues singer Josh White was also a cast member, and later invited Rustin to join his band, "Josh White and the Carolinians". Political philosophy[ edit ] Rustin's personal philosophy is said to have been inspired by combining Quaker pacifism with socialism as taught by A.
Philip Randolph and the theory of non-violent protest, popularized by Mahatma Gandhi. FOR hired Rustin as a race relation secretary in the late summer of Meeting with President Roosevelt in the Oval OfficeRandolph respectfully and politely, but firmly told President Roosevelt that African Americans would march in the capital unless desegregation occurred.
To prove their good faith, the organizers canceled the planned march after Roosevelt issued Executive Order the Fair Employment Actwhich banned discrimination in defense industries and federal agencies.
The leader of the organizers, Randolph, canceled the march against Rustin's advisement.
Randolph felt that FOR had succeeded in their goal and wanted to dissolve the committee. Again, Rustin disagreed with him and voiced his differing opinion in a national press conference, which he later regretted.
Impressed with Rustin's organizational skills, A. Muste appointed him as FOR's secretary for student and general affairs. Rustin was also a pioneer in the movement to desegregate interstate bus travel.
Inhe boarded a bus in Louisvillebound for Nashvilleand sat in the second row. A number of drivers asked him to move to the back, according to Southern practice of Jim Crowbut Rustin refused.The oral history collection inventory is in order by call number and provides name of interviewee and interviewer, biographical information, date of inteview, project (if applicable), restrictions, and materials available for each interview (i.e.
transcript, time index, newspaper clippings, etc). King was born on January 15, , in Atlanta, Georgia, to the Reverend Martin Luther King Sr.
and Alberta Williams King. King's legal name at birth was Michael King, and his father was also born Michael King, but, after a period of gradual transition on the elder King.
As we celebrate his birthday, it is easy to forget that Rev. Martin Luther King was a democratic socialist.
In , accepting the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, he observed that the United States. Was Martin Luther King, Jr.
a socialist? Update Cancel. ad by Thinkific. How do I create, market and sell courses online? Why was Martin Luther King Jr. called an Uncle Tom?
How did Martin Luther King Jr die? Ask New Question. Reach customers, grow sales, balance your books and work in collaboration from any device. Sign Up at heartoftexashop.com The Revolutionary Socialism Of Martin Luther King Jr. The reason is Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. opposed capitalism and the American empire.
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At the beginning of the twentieth century, American laborers often worked long hours for little pay.