From toLawrence and his three other siblings rotated between their mother and father for six months at a time.
He became famous for his work there beginning in the early s. He started as a developmental psychologist and then moved to the field of moral education.
He was particularly well-known for his theory of moral development which he popularized through research studies conducted at Harvard's Center for Moral Education.
His theory of moral development was dependent on the thinking of the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget and the American philosopher John Dewey. He was also inspired by James Mark Baldwin. These men had emphasized that human beings develop philosophically and psychologically in a progressive fashion.
He believed that there were six identifiable stages which could be more generally classified into three levels. Kohlberg's classification can be outlined in the following manner: In the first stage of this level, people behave according to socially acceptable norms because they are told to do so by some authority figure e.
This obedience is compelled by the threat or application of punishment. The second stage of this level is characterized by a view that right behavior means acting in one's own best interests.
The second level of moral thinking is that generally found in society, hence the name "conventional. The second stage is one oriented to abiding by the law and responding to the obligations of duty. The third level of moral thinking is one that Kohlberg felt is not reached by the majority of adults.
Its first stage stage 5 is an understanding of social mutuality and a genuine interest in the welfare of others. The last stage stage 6 is based on respect for universal principle and the demands of individual conscience. While Kohlberg always believed in the existence of Stage 6 and had some nominees for it, he could never get enough subjects to define it, much less observe their longitudinal movement to it.
Kohlberg believed that individuals could only progress through these stages one stage at a time. That is, they could not "jump" stages. They could only come to a comprehension of a moral rationale one stage above their own. Thus, according to Kohlberg, it was important to present them with moral dilemmas for discussion which would help them to see the reasonableness of a "higher stage" morality and encourage their development in that direction.
The last comment refers to Kohlberg's moral discussion approach.
He saw this as one of the ways in which moral development can be promoted through formal education. Note that Kohlberg believed, as did Piaget, that most moral development occurs through social interaction.
The discussion approach is based on the insight that individuals develop as a result of cognitive conflicts at their current stage. I am grateful to Professor F.
These are class notes, intended to comment on readings and amplify class discussion. They should be read as such. They are not intended for publication or general distribution.Video: Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult.
As stated, Kohlberg originally based his theory on a study of young male individuals excluding women. Gilligan (/) argued that Kohlberg’s theory incorporated a gender bias directly into the theory as well as the assessment tools.
Piaget described a two-stage process of moral development while Kohlberg's theory of moral development outlined six stages within three different levels. Kohlberg extended Piaget's theory, proposing that moral development is a continual process that occurs throughout the lifespan.
Gilligan concluded that Kohlberg’s theory did not account for the fact that women approach moral problems from an ‘ethics of care’, rather than an ‘ethics of justice’ perspective, which challenges some of the fundamental assumptions of Kohlberg’s theory. Principal Newman decides to study the relationship between Kohlberg's noted theory of moral development and the work teachers can do in PLCs.
Overview of Kohlberg's Theory. Nevertheless, an entirely new field within psychology was created as a direct result of Kohlberg's theory, and according to Haggbloom et al.'s study of the most eminent psychologists of the 20th century, Kohlberg was the 16th most frequently cited in introductory psychology textbooks throughout the century, as well as the 30th most eminent overall.