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Most of the passengers could not raise the funds themselves, so Kasztner auctioned off seats to wealthy Jews in order to pay for the others. But in the end the passengers were saved by being transported to neutral Switzerland in two contingents, in August and December respectively.
It was distributed to many Jewish and other organizations, including the Jewish Agencyin order to warn the Hungarian Jews. The recipients did not publicize the report. Vrba claimed that Kasztner deliberately buried the report, because it would ruin his Blood for Goods plan.
Professor Eli Reichenthal wrote that Kasztner at that stage was actually being blackmailed by the Germans, since his parents, friends and close family were all on the "Kastner train" stranded in the Bergen-Belsen death camp. But Eichmann testified at his trial that this was an act of deceit on his part: They were caught by the Hungarian underground police.
The two were jailed by the Germans, tortured and sent to Germany, but Palgi jumped the train on the way and escaped. Palgi accused him of leading them into a trap. However, the report was not made public by the Jewish Council in Hungary or by Kasztner.
Manoliu stopped over in Budapest at risk to himself, obtained the abridged Auschwitz Protocols reports from Krausz on 19 June and immediately returned with the reports to Geneva.
The resulting international outcry was one of the main reasons that the Hungarian government stopped the deportations. By then,Hungarian Jews had been taken to Auschwitz, most being murdered on arrival.
Eichmann said that Kasztner "agreed to help keep the Jews from resisting deportation—and even keep order in the collection camps—if I would close my eyes and let a few hundred or a few thousand young Jews emigrate to Palestine. It was a good bargain". They also say that he could have telephoned other Jewish communities but did not and that warnings might have enabled Jews to save their lives through "local uprisings, resistances, escapes, hiding, hiding children with Gentiles, forging documents, paying ransom, bribes" and other means.
After the German invasion in Marchthe Hungarian Service did broadcast warnings but by then it was too late. Part of these repercussions revolve around the fact that Kasztner helped to draw up the list of who was going to be among the Jews who were chosen to be saved and allowed to leave on a train.
The passengers included orphans, students, workmen, teachers and nurses. Himmler had ordered Becher to attempt to stop further exterminations at the concentration camps as the Allies gained further ground in the closing days of World War II.
This action is credited by some for saving tens of thousands of Jewish lives [Ref. Anna Porter, "Kastner Train"]. Others consider Kasztner to have been a collaborator.
At the conclusion of the war, Becher was arrested and investigated at Nuremberg as a war criminal. Kasztner intervened on his behalf and sent an affidavit to his de-Nazification hearing, stating that "[Becher is] cut from a different wood than the professional mass murderers of the political SS".
It is possible that he did so with the knowledge of the Jewish Agency Zionist leadership in Palestine, the Yishuv in the hope of obtaining help in recovering stolen Jewish assets and capturing Eichmann in return. Kasztner also intervened on behalf of SS officers Hermann Krumey and Dieter Wislicenywho had negotiated with him before his meetings with Eichmann.
In all, "there was a total of seven interventions by Kasztner on behalf of Nazi war criminals. He died in ; Krumey was sentenced to life imprisonment in He died in ; Becher died a wealthy man in The libel trial[ edit ] Main article: Kastner trial Kasztner moved to Israel after the war, and became active in the Mapai party.
He was an unsuccessful candidate in the first and second electionsand became the spokesman for the Ministry of Trade and Industry in Tamir turned the libel case against his client into a political trial of Kasztner and, by implication, the Labor Party.
The mother of wartime heroine Hannah Szenes had also accused Kasztner of betraying her daughter to her death and spoke out against him during the trial.Never Remember: Searching for Stalin's Gulags in Putin's Russia [Masha Gessen, Misha Friedman] on heartoftexashop.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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Rezső Kasztner ( – 15 March ), also known as Rudolf Israel Kastner, was a Jewish-Hungarian journalist and lawyer who became known for having helped Jews escape from occupied Europe during the heartoftexashop.com was assassinated in after an Israeli court accused him of having collaborated with the Nazis.
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