Munich massacre The Games were largely overshadowed by what has come to be known as the "Munich massacre". Just before dawn on September 5, a group of eight members of the Black September Palestinian terrorist organization broke into the Olympic Village and took eleven Israeli athletes, coaches and officials hostage in their apartments.
The West German invitation had been Israel and munich olympic games, in part at least, to offer the world a contrast to the horrifying spectacle of Berlin.
Munich Olympic Games: Ten days before the games opened, hundreds of students at Tlatelolco Plaza in Mexico City were gunned down by government forces, and the Mexican military was a conspicuous presence throughout the Games.
Attack on the Olympic Village For more than a week, the Games unfolded without incident. The day of terror began at 4: Disguised as athletes and using stolen keys, they forced their way into the quarters of the Israeli Olympic team at 31 Connollystrasse.
As they attempted to enter Apartment 1, they were confronted by Yossef Gutfreund, a wrestling referee, and Moshe Weinberg, a wrestling coach.
Weinberg was shot while fighting with the attackers, who forced him at gunpoint to lead them to the rooms of the remaining Israeli coaches and athletes.
It has been proposed that Weinberg led the attackers past Apartment 2—which was also being used by the Israeli team—because he believed that the wrestlers and weightlifters in Apartment 3 would be better able to fight back.
However, Black September had detailed plans of the Olympic Village and the dispositions of the Israeli athletes. Shaul Ladany, a race walker who survived the attack after escaping from Apartment 2, suggested that it was much more likely that his room was bypassed because he was housed with members of the Israeli shooting team.
The terrorists had struggled to subdue the unarmed men in Apartment 1; it is unlikely that they had wished to engage in a close-quarters gun battle with world-class marksmen in the opening minutes of their operation.
In Apartment 3 the terrorists gathered more hostages and forced them back to Apartment 1. Wrestler Gad Tsabari broke from the group and dashed down a flight of stairs toward an underground parking garage, and Weinberg took advantage of the confusion to again fight the attackers.
Despite being on crutches due to an injury during competition, Yossef Romano, a weightlifter, also made an attempt to disarm one of the terrorists. Romano was killed and his mutilated body was left on the floor of Apartment 1 as a warning. While two Israelis lay dead in the Olympic Village and nine others were being held hostage, International Olympic Committee chairman Avery Brundage insisted that the games continue.
The terrorists demanded the liberation of more than Palestinians held in Israeli prisons, the release of Andreas Baader and Ulrike Meinhof of the Red Army Faction from German prisons, and the provision of an airplane to fly them to a safe destination in the Middle East. While negotiations were ongoing, a planned rescue attempt had to be called off when it was realized that actions of West German police were being broadcast live to nearly 1 billion people around the world and to the many televisions throughout the Olympic Village.
The police snipers used in the operation had not received formal training as sharpshooters, they were improperly placed and inadequate in number, and they lacked radios to communicate with each other or with commanders.
In addition, they were armed with assault rifles rather than sniper rifles, and their weapons had neither long-range scopes nor night-vision capability. On the air base tarmac was a Boeing filled with 17 police officers disguised as a Lufthansa flight crew.
It was intended that these officers would subdue the terrorists once they had boarded the plane, but the police unanimously chose to abandon their posts. Armoured cars that were to have aided in the rescue of the Israelis were dispatched too late and became stuck in traffic. With myriad failures in both planning and execution, the result was a disaster on virtually every level.
Munich massacreOverview of the Munich massacre, in which members of the militant Palestinian group Black September took 11 Israeli athletes hostage during the Olympic Games in Munich, West Germany; all the hostages were killed.
Finding it empty and becoming aware of the deception, they shouted to their comrades, at which point West German police fired upon them. A gun battle ensued, and several terrorists and one police officer were killed. The helicopter flight crews ran for cover, but the Israeli athletes were bound together and trapped.Munich massacre, Palestinian terrorist attack on Israeli Olympic team members at the Summer Games in Munich.
The Munich Games marked the first return of the Olympics to a German city since the Games in Berlin. Munich massacre, Palestinian terrorist attack on Israeli Olympic team members at the Summer Games in Munich.
The Munich Games marked the first return of the Olympics to a German city since the Games in Berlin. This past Wednesday, September 5th, marked 46 years since the murder of eleven Israeli athletes during the Munich Olympic Games.
Regarded as the greatest tragedy of the Olympic Games, the City of Munich paid tribute to the Israeli athletes killed in The ceremony attended by the survivors of the massacre began with a floral tribute.
The Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele ), officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Munich, West Germany, from August 26 to September 11, When the XX Olympic Games of were awarded to Munich, both West Germany and Israel hoped it would make a statement about overcoming a horrendous past that had brought so much suffering to Germany, Jews, and many other people all over the world, far beyond the Holocaust.
“Munich” is about five Israeli men that wanted revenge on the terrorists, who were part of the kidnapping and killing of the eleven Israeli men during the Olympics in Germany.
They have a list of eleven Palestinian men that were part of the Munich attack.