See Article History Alternative Title: One of the foremost of the Founding FathersFranklin helped draft the Declaration of Independence and was one of its signers, represented the United States in France during the American Revolutionand was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He made important contributions to scienceespecially in the understanding of electricity, and is remembered for the wit, wisdom, and elegance of his writing.
Inat age 12, he was apprenticed to his older brother James, a Boston printer. By age 16, Franklin was contributing essays under the pseudonym Silence Dogood to a newspaper published by his brother. At age 17, Franklin ran away from his apprenticeship to Philadelphia, where he found work as a printer.
In latehe traveled to London, England, and again found employment in the printing business. Franklin as Printer and Publisher Benjamin Franklin returned to Philadelphia inand two years later opened a printing shop. The business became highly successful producing a range of materials, including government pamphlets, books and currency.
InFranklin became the owner and publisher of a colonial newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette, which proved popular—and to which he contributed much of the content, often using pseudonyms.
Franklin and Read had a son, Franciswho died of smallpox at age 4, and a daughter, Sarah Franklin had another son, William c. William Franklin served as the last colonial governor of New Jerseyfrom toand remained loyal to the British during the American Revolution.
He died in exile in England. Franklin also organized the Pennsylvania militia, raised funds to build a city hospital and spearheaded a program to pave and light city streets. Additionally, Franklin was instrumental in the creation of the Academy of Philadelphia, a college which opened in and became known as the University of Pennsylvania in Franklin also was a key figure in the colonial postal system.
Inthe British appointed him postmaster of Philadelphia, and he went on to become, injoint postmaster general for all the American colonies. In this role he instituted various measures to improve mail service; however, the British dismissed him from the job in because he was deemed too sympathetic to colonial interests.
In Julythe Continental Congress appointed Franklin the first postmaster general of the United States, giving him authority over all post offices from Massachusetts to Georgia. He held this position until Novemberwhen he was succeeded by his son-in-law. Scientist and Inventor InFranklin, then 42 years old, had expanded his printing business throughout the colonies and become successful enough to stop working.
Retirement allowed him to concentrate on public service and also pursue more fully his longtime interest in science. In the s, he conducted experiments that contributed to the understanding of electricity, and invented the lightning rod, which protected buildings from fires caused by lightning.
Inhe conducted his famous kite experiment and demonstrated that lightning is electricity. Franklin also coined a number of electricity-related terms, including battery, charge and conductor.
In addition to electricity, Franklin studied a number of other topics, including ocean currents, meteorology, causes of the common cold and refrigeration. He developed the Franklin stove, which provided more heat while using less fuel than other stoves, and bifocal eyeglasses, which allow for distance and reading use.
In the early s, Franklin invented a musical instrument called the glass armonica. Franklin and the American Revolution Inat a meeting of colonial representatives in Albany, New YorkFranklin proposed a plan for uniting the colonies under a national congress.
Although his Albany Plan was rejected, it helped lay the groundwork for the Articles of Confederationwhich became the first constitution of the United States when ratified in InFranklin traveled to London as a representative of the Pennsylvania Assembly, to which he was elected in Over several years, he worked to settle a tax dispute and other issues involving descendants of William Pennthe owners of the colony of Pennsylvania.
After a brief period back in the U. While he was abroad, the British government began, in the mids, to impose a series of regulatory measures to assert greater control over its American colonies. InFranklin testified in the British Parliament against the Stamp Act ofwhich required that all legal documents, newspapers, books, playing cards and other printed materials in the American colonies carry a tax stamp.
Although the Stamp Act was repealed inadditional regulatory measures followed, leading to ever-increasing anti-British sentiment and eventual armed uprising by the American colonists. Inhe was part of the five-member committee that helped draft the Declaration of Independencein which the 13 American colonies declared their freedom from British rule.Benjamin Franklin: Benjamin Franklin, American printer and publisher, author, inventor and scientist, and diplomat.
One of the foremost of the American Founding Fathers, he helped draft the Declaration of Independence. He also made important contributions to science, especially in the understanding of technology. Life-size bronze statue of Benjamin Franklin (seated) in the National Constitution Center, Philadelphia "The Princess and the Patriot: Ekaterina Dashkova, Benjamin Franklin and the Age of Enlightenment" exhibition opened in Philadelphia in February and ran through December Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, in Boston in what was known as the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
He was born on a small house on 17 Milk Street, across the street from the Old Meeting House. Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston on January 17, He was the tenth son of soap maker, Josiah Franklin.
Benjamin's mother was Abiah Folger, the second wife of Josiah. In all, Josiah would father 17 children. Josiah intended for Benjamin to enter into the clergy. However, Josiah could only.
The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, which was founded with the goal of publishing the definitive edition of Franklin’s writings, will celebrate the birthday of its namesake with an open house on Wednesday, Jan.
17 showcasing its work and the collection in which it is housed — which is considered to. The works of Dr. Benjamin Franklin: consisting of essays, humorous, moral, and literary: with his life 25 editions By Benjamin Franklin Go to the editions section to read or download ebooks.