It is normal to feel sad when a loved one dies, or when you are sick, going through a divorce, or having financial problems. But for some people the sadness does not go away, or keeps coming back. Without treatment, symptoms can last for weeks, months or years.
Haiti, a name that means "mountainous country," is derived from the language of the Taino Indians who inhabited the island before European colonization.
After independence inthe name was adopted by the military generals, many of them former slaves, who expelled the French and took possession of the colony then known as Saint Domingue.
In95 percent of the population was of African descent, and the remaining 5 percent mulatto and white. Some wealthy citizens think of themselves as French, but most residents identify themselves as Haitian and there is a strong sense of nationalism.
Haiti covers 10, square miles 27, square kilometers. It is located in the subtropics on the western third of Hispaniola, the second largest island in the Caribbean, which it shares with the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic.
The neighboring islands include Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. Three-quarters of the terrain is mountainous; the highest peak is the Morne de Selle. The climate is mild, varying with altitude. The mountains are calcareous rather than volcanic and give way to widely varying microclimatic and soil conditions.
A tectonic fault line runs through the country, causing occasional and sometimes devastating earthquakes.
The island is also located within the Caribbean hurricane belt. The population has grown steadily fromat independence in to the estimate of 6. Haiti is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Until the s, over 80 percent of the population resided in rural areas, and today, over 60 percent continue to live in provincial villages, hamlets, and homesteads scattered across the rural landscape.
The capital city is Port-au-Prince, which is five times larger than the next biggest city, Cape Haitian. Over one million native-born Haitians live overseas; an additional fifty thousand leave the country every year, predominantly for the United States but also to Canada and France.
Approximately 80 percent of permanent migrants come from the educated middle and upper classes, but very large numbers of lower-class Haitians temporarily migrate to the Dominican Republic and Nassau Bahamas to work at low-income jobs in the informal economy. An unknown number of lower-income migrants remain abroad.
For most of the nation's history the official language has been French.
However, the language spoken by the vast majority of the people is kreyol, whose pronunciation and vocabulary are derived largely from French but whose syntax is similar to that of other creoles.
With the adoption of a new constitution inkreyol was given official status as the primary official language. French was relegated to the status of a secondary official language but continues to prevail among the elite and in government, functioning as marker of social class and a barrier to the less educated and the poor.
An estimated 5—10 percent of the population speaks fluent French, but in recent decades massive emigration to the United States and the availability of cable television from the United States have helped English replace French as the second language in many sectors of the population.
Residents attach tremendous importance to the expulsion of the French inan event that made Haiti the first independently black-ruled nation in the world, and only the second country in the Western Hemisphere to achieve independence from imperial Europe.
The most noted national symbols are the flag, Henri Christophe's citadel and the statue of the "unknown maroon" Maroon inconnua bare-chested revolutionary Haiti trumpeting a conch shell in a call to arms.
The presidential palace is also an important national symbol. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of a Nation.
Hispaniola was discovered by Christopher Columbus in and was the first island in the New World settled by the Spanish.1 FIVE FACES OF OPPRESSION The following article is adapted from “Five Faces of Oppression” by Iris Young. The article was originally a chapter in Oppression, Privilege, & Resistance edited by Lisa Heldke and Peg O’Connor (published by.
The United States, before independence, and the Caribbean. Most white immigrants to America in the 17th and early 18th centuries were slaves and indentured servants.
And the Caribbean relied on Irish slaves as labor for the sugar trade. Opression of Caribbean Peole Research Paper Question: Using examples from the Caribbean, explain how Caribbean people throughout history has responded to oppression. The Caribbean, known as a group of islands located in the Caribbean Sea, is inhabited by a mixture of people of diverse races, cultures, personalities and beliefs; .
Human rights in Cuba are under the scrutiny of human rights organizations, who accuse the Cuban government of systematic human rights abuses, including arbitrary imprisonment and unfair trials.
Acclaimed American poet, author and activist Maya Angelou was born in St.
Louis, Missouri in Often referred to as a spokesman for African Americans and women through her many works, her gift. Poussaint gave the example, "The only good Indian is a dead Indian," to describe what he meant by "genocidal doctrine." "I still get nervous when I hear kids saying "eeny meeny, miney mo ," he said.