Just to name a few My Pet Peeve Constructs I have 3 top pet peeve or 3 related, grouped constructs that are very disturbing to me. It bothers me that people don't seem to be aware that these are social constructs - built on concepts, and are NOT inherent in the way they're so often explained by authorities. I am listing them together because that is what people in current times generally do.
But when Francis Crick, co-discoverer with James D. Watson of the double helix structure of DNA, was asked what unraveling the chimpanzee genome would tell us about human differences he replied: The dog genome, Crick went on, would be a better target—because dogs vary so widely in appearance and behavior that unraveling their DNA would reveal much more about the influence of genes.
Canine evolution, because of dog breeding, has been run in fast forward—in some cases, before our very eyes. In an informative experiment, Dmitry Balyaev selectively bred foxes [PDF] to show neither fear nor aggression when approached by humans. But the foxes changed in more than just their behavior.
And a recent study by the Max Planck Institute has demonstrated that that in certain cognitive tasks our canine best friends are more like us than are our simian nearest relatives. Fourteen-month old humans and almost any dog, but not even the brightest chimp, can use human pointing as a cue to find a food reward.
Researchers Brian Hare and Mike Tomasello concluded [PDF] that this ability is heritable and due to recent selection, since wolves cannot do it. Dog breeds provide the classic case study of within-species differentiation. Those who would dismiss race and race differences regularly point out that DNA differences between races are minimal.
Butas Vincent Sarich demonstrated in Race: The Reality of Human Differences pp. They are around ten times the difference between the sexes within each race and larger than the differences that distinguish the two species of chimpanzee. Despite minimal genetic differences, human physical racial differences are clearly observable.
But only recently has genetic analysis been able to distinguish between breeds—or even between dogs and wolves. Unfortunately, this has been true even in scientific circles.
And that in itself is instructive. The classic study was carried out by Daniel G. Freedman for his doctoral dissertation.
The Social Construction of Race, Ethnicity, Class, and Gender Words Mar 20th, 5 Pages Socialization is the unequal distribution of power, wealth, income and . Sep 08, · Education (inherent but shaped by social construction, social agreement and apathy) Gender (inherent but shaped by soc' constructs, agreements and apathy) Race (inherent but shaped by soc' constructs, agreements and apathy)Reviews: To say “gender is a social construction” is not to deny evolution, to deny science, to deny that humans are animals, or to claim some sort of ethereal special place for the non-material. It is simply to ask that a role for human activity and imagination be included as part of our understandings.
Freedman spent every day and evening rearing four dog breeds—Beagles, Wire-haired Fox Terriers, Shetland Sheepdogs, and Basenjis—from age two to twelve weeks. Little Beagles were friendly from the moment they detected him. Shetland Sheepdogs were the most sensitive to a loud voice or the slightest punishment.
The Wire-haired Fox Terriers were so tough and aggressive, even as clumsy three-week olds, that Freedman had to wear gloves in playing with them The Basenjis, barkless dogs from central Africa, were aloof and independent. But originally breeds were selected to excel in certain elements of the basic wolf-dog ethogram [behavioral repertoire] and reduce or eliminate others.
All of these differences, including the barklessness of the Basenji, make perfect sense in terms of what we know about the traits for which the different breeds were, or were not, selected. Beagles are scent hounds. They run in packs and use their sense of smell, which is better than that of almost all other breeds, to track fox and other small game.
They have been selected not only for increased olfactory tracking ability, but also diminished aggression. Beagles are a band of brothers often literally. They all have a job to do. They are usually kenneled together, and howl to other members of the pack when finding a scent or needing help. Fox Terriers come in two varieties, Wire-haired and Smooth-haired, but this is largely a cosmetic difference.
Like Beagles, they were bred for fox hunting, but their job is quite different. No fun that for the hunters because it ends the chase and their chance to bag the fox. Game to the fox…or so it would seem.
But this is where the terrier earns his seemingly free ride and free lunches. The hunter grabs him by his short tail and hurls him to the ground. No beagle in his right mind would want any part of this.Gender like social class and race can be used to socially categorize people and even lead to prejudice and discrimination.
Prejudice is a set of attitudes, more likely unfavorable, towards members of a group (Pennsylvania State University, ). The notion of race as a social construct I am proposing is partially captured by various works. In Takaki’s work A Different Mirror: A history of Multicultural America, race is a social construct produced by the dominant group in society and their power to define.
The sociology of gender examines how society influences our understandings and perception of differences between masculinity (what society deems appropriate behaviour for a “man”) and femininity (what society deems appropriate behaviour for a “woman”).
We examine how this, in turn, influences identity and social practices. The Social Construction of Race, Ethnicity, Sex, and Gender I guess I am torn about the issues discussed in the article but am intrigued by the studies done and examples in the media.
I think it is truly hard to determine how much society really does impact us. everything is a product of social conditioning. Sex, gender, race, ethnicity. The Social Construction of Race, Ethnicity, Sex, and Gender By Sally Raskoff Is it easier to conceive of race/ethnicity or sex/gender as socially constructed categories?
The social construction of gender is a notion in feminism and sociology about the operation of gender and gender differences in societies. According to this view, society and culture create gender roles, and these roles are prescribed as ideal or appropriate behavior for a person of that specific sex.