In every election, voter and civic education are necessary to ensure that all constituents—men and women alike—understand their rights, their political system, the contests they are being asked to decide, and how and where to vote. For an election to be successful and democratic, voters must understand their rights and responsibilities, and must be sufficiently knowledgeable and well informed to cast ballots that are legally valid and to participate meaningfully in the voting process. The term voter education is generally used to describe the dissemination of information, materials and programmes designed to inform voters about the specifics and mechanics of the voting process for a particular election.
Includes only "free" elections. Voter turnout varies considerably between nations. Confusingly, some of the factors that cause internal differences do not seem to apply on a global level. For instance, nations with better-educated populaces do not have higher turnouts.
There are two main commonly cited causes of these international differences: However, there is much debate over the relative impact of the various factors. Cultural factors[ edit ] Wealth and literacy have some effect on turnout, but are not reliable measures.
Countries such as Angola and Ethiopia have long had high turnouts, Why voter education is important so have the wealthy states of Europe. The United Nations Human Development Index shows some correlation between higher standards of living and higher turnout.
The age of a democracy is also an important factor. Elections require considerable involvement by the population, and it takes some time to develop the cultural habit of voting, and the associated understanding of and confidence in the electoral process.
This factor may explain the lower turnouts in the newer democracies of Eastern Europe and Latin America. Much of the impetus to vote comes from a sense of civic duty, which takes time and certain social conditions that can take decades to develop: Older people tend to vote more than youths, so societies where the average age is somewhat higher, such as Europe; have higher turnouts than somewhat younger countries such as the United States.
Populations that are more mobile and those that have lower marriage rates tend to have lower turnout. In countries that are highly multicultural and multilingual, it can be difficult for national election campaigns to engage all sectors of the population.
The nature of elections also varies between nations. In the United States, negative campaigning and character attacks are more common than elsewhere, potentially suppressing turnouts. The focus placed on get out the vote efforts and mass-marketing can have important effects on turnout.
Partisanship is an important impetus to turnout, with the highly partisan more likely to vote. Turnout tends to be higher in nations where political allegiance is closely linked to class, ethnic, linguistic, or religious loyalties.
Nations with a party specifically geared towards the working class will tend to have higher turnouts among that class than in countries where voters have only big tent parties, which try to appeal to all the voters, to choose from.
Rules and laws are also generally easier to change than attitudes, so much of the work done on how to improve voter turnout looks at these factors.
Making voting compulsory has a direct and dramatic effect on turnout. Simply making it easier for candidates to stand through easier nomination rules is believed to increase voting.
Conversely, adding barriers, such as a separate registration process, can suppress turnout. The salience of an election, the effect that a vote will have on policy, and its proportionality, how closely the result reflects the will of the people, are two structural factors that also likely have important effects on turnout.
Voter registration[ edit ] The modalities of how electoral registration is conducted can also affect turnout.
For example, until "rolling registration" was introduced in the United Kingdom, there was no possibility of the electoral register being updated during its currency, or even amending genuine mistakes after a certain cut off date. The register was compiled in October, and would come into force the next February, and would remain valid until the next January.
The electoral register would become progressively more out of date during its period of validity, as electors moved or died also people studying or working away from home often had difficulty voting.
This meant that elections taking place later in the year tended to have lower turnouts than those earlier in the year. The introduction of rolling registration where the register is updated monthly has reduced but not entirely eliminated this issue since the process of amending the register is not automatic, and some individuals do not join the electoral register until the annual October compilation process.
Another country with a highly efficient registration process is France.Voter education is an important component of improving the Election Day experience for voters.
Plan ahead and create a game plan for any posters, videos, etc. that you will need produced.
For additional resources or to request voter education materials reach out . Respect Life and Social Justice committees, along with other parish groups, can use these tips for conducting non-partisan voter education and voter registration.
Attention:Information for voters and requirements for voting may heartoftexashop.com check with the State Election Commissioner's Department of Elections website to get current information and any updated voter identification that may be required at your polling place. Voter Education.
Voter education means providing citizens of a democracy with basic information about participating in elections. Voter education is often provided by the state itself, often through a national electoral commission, so it is therefore important that it is politically non-partisan.
Making sure that people understand the voters' list (voting rolls, voter registry), decide to register, are able to register and can register correctly poses significant challenges for educators. Voter registration has become an essential prerequisite to the act of voting.
22×20 is a national coalition that will work toward increasing and diversifying teen voice and engagement in national and local conversations and electoral processes, in order to be informed and active participants in U.S. democracy leading up to the election cycle and beyond.